Niedziela, 19 listopada 2017 r.
    
        Founders/Blessed H. Koźmiński  
Bł. H. Koźmiński

One year before the November uprising, on the 16 of October 1829 in Biala Podlaska was born the son of a builder Stefan Kozminski and his wife Aleksandry who was from the family of Kahlow. The boy at his baptism received the following names: Florentyn, Waclaw, Jan, and Stefan. Deeply religious parents were also very good patriots, sincerely touched by the difficult situation of the Church and their homeland. He attended a primary school in his birth town. After his parents had shifted to Wloclawek (1840), he confessed that in that time he lost the faith. In 1844, he enrolled himself to study architecture in School of Fine Arts in Warsaw. One year later suddenly his father passed away. On the shoulders of his mother was the upbringing of four children.

In 1846 Waclaw was suspected as one who participates against the government; he was arrested and locked up in the tenth Pavilion of Warsaw Citadel. Apart from the humiliation connected with the investigation, he underwent severe illness. He led a double battle in prison, which was both physical and spiritual. On the feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary on the 15th of August he regained his faith. He was released from the prison in March 1847, and then he entered back on the right religious path. Waclaw deeply regretted his past life and he publicly confessed his faults. He acknowledged that the grace of conversion was given to him through the intercession of the Virgin Mary and through the prayers of his mother.

He entered the order of the Brothers Minor Capuchin on the 21 of December 1848 in Lubartow, receiving a habit and his name was Honorat. Already as a novice he was living an exemplary religious life, he treasured his vocation very much. The first vows he took on the 21 December 1849 and the perpetual profession on the 18 of December 1850. Priestly ordination he received on the 27 of December 1852 and then the first Holy Mass was celebrated by him on the 1st of January 1853. Then he worked very fruitfully in the pastoral fields as a confessor, preacher and chaplain in the prison. He was a man of strong will and was not discouraged by any obstacles put in his way. Every day he would find new possibilities of living out the evangelical counsels, expressed in three religious vows: obedience, poverty and chastity.

With great enthusiasm he spread the devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, especially through an association of a living Rosary. The originality of his idea was expressed that he was choosing the members of the "roses" according to social groups and professions. So there were roses composed out of men or women from higher classes and the roses groups of students, unmarried people, for clerks and lastly roses set up in the villages and among many other groups.

Fr. Honorat was involved in work with Third Order of St. Francis. After the fall of the January uprising in 1863, the order of the Capuchins was confiscated. Together with his brothers Fr. Honorat was placed in one of the friaries in Zakroczym. It was forbidden to leave the town or even the friary. Fr. Honorat was spied on and guarded by tsarist police more than the other friars. He devoted much time for confessions and spiritual direction of the faithful.

In order to prevent the constant observation and to stop being spied on by the police, the special confessional box was constructed for Fr. Honorat to which a penitent would enter like a cupboard, in order to be one-to-one with the confessor.

In that time many people who had desired to serve God were coming to Fr. Honorat. He pointed out a new way of realization of their vocation discovered in the Gospels after the example of Jesus who did not reveal His divinity and then Mary who kept secret the fact that she was chosen in a very special way more than any other being in the human existence. To those who felt vocation to religious life he recommended practice of religious life in their own surroundings without a habit. Choosing devoted persons from different social groups and professions he established 26 congregations from which sixteen exist up to now. In this way, Sisters of the Most Holy name came into being, who took care of women in the sewing trade.

Fr. Honorat entrusted totally his life to Mary. He lived being united with Mary in prayer, in intellectual activity, and work as well. He constantly prayed rosary. The motto of His life was the invocation “Tuus totus” (Totally Yours).

In the year of 1892 the friary in Zakroczym was closed down by the Russian authorities, Fr. Honorat was transferred to the friary in Nowe Miasto at Pilica river, where under the supervision of tsarist police, he was persecuted and searched up to the end of his life.

Fr. Honorat remained to the end, as an extraordinary person in his attitude as a simple hard-working honest and committed man. He died considered by many as living a life of sainthood on the 16 of December 1916.

Holy Father John Paul II on the 16 of October 1988 on the tenth anniversary of His pontiff announced Fr. Honorat as a blessed. In the liturgy, of the Church in Poland he is commemorated on the 13 of October. On that day the Congregation established by Him, celebrates a feast.



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